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Successful Strategies to fight Obesity and Weight Gain
Read the full Article on Successful Strategies to fight Obesity and Weight Gain


CLA References

      These are the references from which the article on Conjugated Linoleic Acid are derived.

CLA References:

Nicolosi, RJ, Rogers EJ, Kritchevsky D, Scimeca JA, Huth PJ. Dietary conjugated inoleic acid reduces plasma lipoproteins and early aortic atharosclerosis in hypercholasterolemic hamsters. Artery (USA) , 1997, 22/5 (266-277)

Lee K.N.; Kritchevsky D.; Pariza M.W. Conjugated linoleic acid and atherosclerosis in rabbits. Atherosclerosis (Ireland), 1994, 108/1 (19-25)

Truitt A, McNeill G, Vanderhoek JY. Antiplatelet effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers. Biochim Biophys Acta 1999 May 18;1438(2):239-46.

. Ip C, Banni S, Angioni E, Carta G, McGinley J, Thompson HJ, Barbano D, Bauman D. Conjugated Linoleic Acid-Enriched Butter Fat Alters Mammary Gland Morpogenesis and Reduces Cancer Risk in Rats. Journal of Nutrition, 129:2135-2142.

. Dashwood, RH. Early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer (review). Oncol Rep 1999 Mar-Apr;6(2):277-81.

. Cesano A. Visonneau S, Scimeca JA, Kritchevsky D, Santoli D. Opposite effects of linoleic acid and conjugated linoleic acid on human prostatic cancer in SCID mice. Anticancer Res 1998 May-Jun;18(3A):1429-34.

Hubbard NE, Lim D, Summers L, Erickson KL. Reduction of murine mammary tumor metastasis by conjugated linoleic acid. Cancer Lett 2000 Mar 13;150(1):93-100.

. Gavino VC, Gavino G, Leblanc MJ, Tuchweber B. An isomeric mixture of conjugated linoleic acids but not pur cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid affects body weight gain and plasma lipids in hamsters. J Nutr 2000 Jan;130(1):27-9.

Ostrowska E, Muralitharan M, Cross RF, Bauman DE, Dunshea FR. Dietary conjugated linoleic acids increase lean tissue and decrease fat deposition in growing pigs. J Nutr 1999 Nov;129(11):2037-42.

Pariza MW, Park Y, Cook ME. Mechanisms of action of conjugated linoleic acid: evidence and speculation. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 2000 Jan;223(1):8-13.

Houseknecht KL, Vanden Heuval JP, Moya-Camarena SY, Portocarrero CP, Peck LW, Nickel KP, Ebelury MA. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid normalizes impaired glucose tolerance in the Zucker diaetic fatty fa/fa rat. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1998 Mar 27;244(3):678-82.

Belury MA, Mahon A, Banni S. The conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer, t10c12-CLA, is inversely associated with changes in body weight and serum leptin in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Nutr. 2003 Jan;133(1):257S-260S.

Conjugated linoleic acid and atherosclerosis in rabbits Lee K.N.; Kritchevsky D.; Pariza M.W. Food Research Institute, Dept. Food Microbiology/Toxicology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1925 Willow Drive, Madison, WI 53706 USA Atherosclerosis (Ireland), 1994, 108/1 (19-25)

Fritsche S, Rumsey TS, Yurawecz MP, Ku Y, Fritsche J. Influence of growth promoting implants on fatty acid composition including conjugated linoleic acid isomers in beef fat. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 212:621-629 (2001).

Kritchevsky D, Czarnecki SK. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in health and disease. Chim. Oggi (Chemistry Today) 19(6):26-28 (2001).

Lawson RE, Moss AR, Givens DI. The role of dairy products in supplying conjugated linoleic acid to man's diet: a review. Nutr. Res. Rev. 14:153-172 (2001).

Lu YP, Lou YR, Lin Y, Shih WCJ, Huang MT, Yang CS, Conney AH. Inhibitory effects of orally administered green tea, black tea, and caffeine on skin carcinogenesis in mice previously treated with ultraviolet B light (high-risk mice): Relationship to decreased tissue fat. Cancer Res. 61:5002-5009 (2001).

Roche HM, Noone E, Nugent A, Gibney MJ. Conjugated linoleic acid: a novel therapeutic nutrient Nutr. Res. Rev. 14:173-187 (2001).

Suzuki R, Noguchi R, Ota T, Abe M, Miyashita K, Kawada T. Cytotoxic effect of conjugated trienoic fatty acids on mouse tumor and human monocytic leukemia cells. Lipids 36:477-482 (2001).

Clouet P, Demizieux L, Gresti J, Degrace P. Mitochondrial respiration on rumenic and linoleic acids. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 29(Part 2):320-325 (2001).

Devery R, Miller A, Stanton C. Conjugated linoleic acid and oxidative behaviour in cancer cells. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 29(Part 2):341-344 (2001).

Jung MO, Yoon SH, Jung MY. Effects of temperature and agitation rate on the formation of conjugated linoleic acids in soybean oil during hydrogenation process. J. Agr. Food Chem. 49:3010-3016 (2001).

Mossoba MM, Kramer JKG, Fritsche J, Yurawecz MP, Eulitz KD, Ku Y, Rader JI. Application of standard addition to eliminate conjugated linoleic acid and other interferences in the determination of total trans fatty acids in selected food products by infrared spectroscopy. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78:631-634 (2001).

Pariza MW, Park Y, Cook ME. The biologically active isomers of conjugated linoleic acid. Prog. Lipid Res. 40:283-298 (2001).

Baumgard LH, Sangster JK, Bauman DE. Milk fat synthesis in dairy cows is progressively reduced by increasing supplemental amounts of trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). J. Nutr. 131:1764-1769 (2001).

Choi YJ, Park Y, Pariza MW, Ntanbi JM. Regulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity by the trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid in HepG2 cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 284:689-693 (2001).

Kimoto N, Hirose M, Futakuchi M, Iwata T, Kasai M, Shirai T. Site-dependent modulating effects of conjugated fatty acids from safflower oil in a rat two-stage carcinogenesis model in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Cancer Lett. 168:15-21 (2001).

Rahman SM, Wang YM, Han SY, Cha JY, Fukuda N, Yotsumoto H, Yanagita T. Effects of short-term administration of conjugated linoleic acid on lipid metabolism in white and brown adipose tissues of starved/refed Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats. Food Res. Int. 34:515-520 (2001).

Sisk MB, Hausman DB, Martin RJ, Azain MJ. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid reduces adiposity in lean but not obese Zucker rats. J. Nutr. 131:1668-1674 (2001).

Swan JE, Parrish FC, Wiegand BR, Larsen ST, Baas TJ, Berg EP. Total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) measurement of compositional differences in hams, loins, and bellies from conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-fed stress-genotype pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79:1475-1482 (2001).

Adlof RO, Copes LC, Walter EL. Changes in conjugated linoleic acid composition within samples obtained from a single source. Lipids 36:315-317 (2001).

Aydin R, Pariza MW, Cook ME. Olive oil prevents the adverse effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on chick hatchability and egg quality. J. Nutr. 131:800-806 (2001).

Baer RJ, Ryali J, Schingoethe DJ, Kasperson KM, Donovan DC, Hippen AR, Franklin ST. Composition and properties of milk and butter from cows fed fish oil. J. Dairy Sci. 84:345-353 (2001).

Bassaganya-Riera J, Hontecillas-Magarzo R, Bregendahl K, Wannemuehler MJ, Zimmerman DR. Effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid in nursery pigs of dirty and clean environments on growth, empty body composition, and immune competence. J. Anim. Sci. 79:714-721 (2001).

Baumgard LH, Sangster JK, Bauman DE. Milk fat synthesis in dairy cows is progressively reduced by increasing supplemental amounts of trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). J. Nutr. 131:1764-1769 (2001).

Benito P, Nelson GJ, Kelley DS, Bartolini G, Schmidt PC, Simon V. The effect of conjugated linoleic acid on platelet function, platelet fatty acid composition, and blood coagulation in humans. Lipids 36:221-227 (2001).

Benito P, Nelson GJ, Kelley DS, Bartolini G, Schmidt PC, Simon V. The effect of conjugated linoleic acid on plasma lipoproteins and tissue fatty acid composition in humans. Lipids 36:229-236 (2001).

Bulgarella JA, Patton D, Bull AW. Modulation of prostaglandin H synthase activity by conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and specific CLA isomers. Lipids 36:407-412 (2001).

Chen JF, Tai CY, Chen YC, Chen BH. Effects of conjugated linoleic acid on the degradation and oxidation stability of model lipids during heating and illumination. Food Chem. 72(2):199-206 (2001).

Choi YJ, Park Y, Pariza MW, Ntanbi JM. Regulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity by the trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid in HepG2 cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 284:689-693 (2001).

Chouinard PY, Corneau L, Butler WR, Chilliard Y, Drackley JK, Bauman DE. Effect of dietary lipid source on conjugated linoleic acid concentrations in milk fat. J. Dairy Sci. 84:680-690 (2001).

Christie, WW. A practical guide to the analysis of conjugated linoleic acid. Inform 12:147-152.

Chuang LT, Thurmond JM, Liu JW, Kirchner SJ, Mukerji P, Bray TM, Huang YS. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on fungal Delta 6-desaturase activity in a transformed yeast system. Lipids 36:139-143 (2001).

Clouet P, Demizieux L, Gresti J, Degrace P. Mitochondrial respiration on rumenic and linoleic acids. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 29(Part 2):320-325 (2001).

Devery R, Miller A, Stanton C. Conjugated linoleic acid and oxidative behaviour in cancer cells. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 29(Part 2):341-344 (2001).

Dewhurst RJ, Scollan ND, Youell SJ, Tweed JKS, Humphreys MO. Influence of species, cutting date and cutting interval on the fatty acid composition of grasses. Grass Forage Sci. 56:68-74 (2001).

Dhiman TR, MacQueen IS, Luchini ND. Milk yield response of dairy cows fed fat along with protein. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 90:169-184 (2001).

Du M, Ahn DU, Nam KC, Sell JL. Volatile provirtuals and lipid oxidation of irradiated cooked chicken meat from laying hens fed diets containing conjugated linoleic acid. Poultry Sci. 80:235-241 (2001).

Elias SL, Innis SM. Infant plasma trans, n-6, and n-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acids are related to maternal plasma fatty acids, length of gestation, and birth weight and length. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 73:807-814 (2001).

Finnegan Y, Williams C. Low-fat balancing act. Chemistry & Industry (1):12-14 (2001).

Fritsche J, Yurawecz MP, Pawlosky R, Flanagan VP, Steinhart H, Ku Y. Spectroscopic characterization of unusual conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers. J. Separation Sci. 24:59-61 (2001).

Fritsche S, Rumsey TS, Yurawecz MP, Ku Y, Fritsche J. Influence of growth promoting implants on fatty acid composition including conjugated linoleic acid isomers in beef fat. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 212:621-629 (2001).

Garcia HS, Arcos JA, Keough KJ, Hill CG. Immobilized lipase-mediated acidolysis of butteroil with conjugated linoleic acid: batch reactor and packed bed reactor studies. J. Molec. Catal. B Enzymatic 11:623-632 (Sp. Iss.) (2001).

Geay Y, Bauchart D, Hocquette JF, Culioli J. Effect of nutritional factors on biochemical, structural and metabolic characteristics of muscles in ruminants, consequences on dietetic value and sensorial qualities of meat. Reproduction Nutrition Development 41:1-26 (2001).

Gnadig S, Rickert R, Sebedio JL, Steinhart H. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA): physiological effects and production. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 103:56-61 (2001).

Hill CG, Ghannouchi S, Garcia HS. Lipolysis of butter oil by immobilized lamb pregastric esterase: I. Uniresponse kinetics - pH and temperature Effects. J. Dairy Sci. 84:1034-1043 (2001).

Hurst WJ, Tarka SM, Dobson G, Reid CM. Determination of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentrations in milk chocolate. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49:1264-1265 (2001).

Igarashi M, Miyazawa T. The growth inhibitory effect of conjugated linoleic acid on a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2, is induced by a change in fatty acid metabolism, but not the facilitation of lipid peroxidation in the cells. Biochim. Biophys. Acta-Mol. Cell. Biol. Lipids 1530:162-171 (2001).

Jung MO, Yoon SH, Jung MY. Effects of temperature and agitation rate on the formation of conjugated linoleic acids in soybean oil during hydrogenation process. J. Agr. Food Chem. 49:3010-3016 (2001).

Khosla P, Fungwe TV. Conjugated linoleic acid: effects on plasma lipids and cardiovascular function. Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 12:31-34 (2001).

Kim IH, Yoon CS, Lee KW. Transesterification of conjugated linoleic acid and tricaprylin by lipases in organic solvents. Food Res. Int. 34:301-306 (2001).

Kim IH, Yoon CS, Cho SH, Lee KW, Chung SH, Tae BS. Lipase-catalyzed incorporation of conjugated linoleic acid into tricaprylin. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78:547-551 (2001).

Kimoto N, Hirose M, Futakuchi M, Iwata T, Kasai M, Shirai T. Site-dependent modulating effects of conjugated fatty acids from safflower oil in a rat two-stage carcinogenesis model in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Cancer Lett. 168:15-21 (2001).

Kritchevsky D, Czarnecki SK. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in health and disease. Chim. Oggi (Chemistry Today) 19(6):26-28 (2001).

Laborde FL, Mandell IB, Tosh JJ, Wilton JW, Buchanan-Smith JG. Breed effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and palatability attributes in finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 79:355-365 (2001).

Larock RC, Dong XY, Chung S, Reddy CK, Ehlers LE. Preparation of conjugated soybean oil and other natural oils and fatty acids by homogeneous transition metal catalysis. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78:447-453 (2001).

Lawson RE, Moss AR, Givens DI. The role of dairy products in supplying conjugated linoleic acid to man's diet: a review. Nutr. Res. Rev. 14:153-172 (2001).

Lin YG, Kreeft A, Schuurbiers JAE, Draijer R. Different effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers on lipoprotein lipase activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J. Nutr. Biochem. 12:183-189 (2001).

Loreau O, Maret A, Chardigny JM, Sebedio JL, Noel JP. Sequential substitution of 1,2-dichloro-ethene: a convenient stereoselective route to (9Z,11E)-, (10E,12Z)- and (10Z,12Z)-[1-C-14] conjugated linoleic acid isomers. Chem. Phys. Lipids 110:57-67 (2001).

Lu YP, Lou YR, Lin Y, Shih WCJ, Huang MT, Yang CS, Conney AH. Inhibitory effects of orally administered green tea, black tea, and caffeine on skin carcinogenesis in mice previously treated with ultraviolet B light (high-risk mice): Relationship to decreased tissue fat. Cancer Res. 61:5002-5009 (2001).

Majumder B, Moir S, Wahle KJ, Heys SD. The effects of conjugated linoleic acid on the expression of key genes involved in the apoptotic pathway. Brit. J. Surg. 88:7-7 (Suppl. 1) (2001).

McCarty MF. The chlorophyll metabolite phytanic acid is a natural rexinoid - potential for treatment and prevention of diabetes. Med. Hypotheses 56:217-219 (2001).

Miner JL, Cederberg CA, Nielsen MK, Chen XL, Baile CA. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), body fat, and apoptosis. Obesity Res. 9:129-134 (2001).

Mohan IK, Das UN. Prevention of chemically induced diabetes mellitus in experimental animals by polyunsaturated fatty acids. Nutrition 17:126-151 (2001).

Moloney AP, Mooney MT, Kerry JP, Troy DJ. Producing tender and flavoursome beef with enhanced nutritional characteristics. P. Nutr. Soc. 60:221-229 (2001).

Mossoba MM, Kramer JKG, Fritsche J, Yurawecz MP, Eulitz KD, Ku Y, Rader JI. Application of standard addition to eliminate conjugated linoleic acid and other interferences in the determination of total trans fatty acids in selected food products by infrared spectroscopy. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78:631-634 (2001).

Ogawa J, Matsumura K, Kishino S, Omura Y, Shimizu S. Conjugated linoleic acid accumulation via 10-hydroxy-12 octadecaenoic acid during microaerobic transformation of linoleic acid by Lactobacillus acidophilus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1246-1252 (2001).

Pariza MW, Park Y, Cook ME. The biologically active isomers of conjugated linoleic acid. Prog. Lipid Res. 40:283-298 (2001).

Park Y, Albright KJ, Cai ZY, Pariza MW. Comparison of methylation procedures for conjugated linoleic acid and artifact formation by commercial (trimethylsilyl)diazomethane. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49:1158-1164 (2001).

Pighetti GM, Novosad W, Nicholson C, Hitt DC, Hansens C, Hollingsworth AB, Lerner ML, Brackett D, Lightfoot SA, Gimble JM. Therapeutic treatment of DMBA-induced mammary tumors with PPAR ligands. Anticancer Res. 21825-829 (2001).

Precht D, Molkentin J, McGuire MA, McGuire MK, Jensen RG. Overestimates of oleic and linoleic acid contents in materials containing trans fatty acids and analyzed with short packed gas chromatographic columns. Lipids 36:213-216 (2001).

Rahman SM, Wang YM, Yotsumoto H, Cha JY, Han SY, Inoue S, Yanagita T. Effects of conjugated linoleic acid on serum leptin concentration, body-fat accumulation, and beta-oxidation of fatty acid in OLETF rats. Nutrition 17:385-390 (2001).

Rahman SM, Wang YM, Han SY, Cha JY, Fukuda N, Yotsumoto H, Yanagita T. Effects of short-term administration of conjugated linoleic acid on lipid metabolism in white and brown adipose tissues of starved/refed Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats. Food Res. Int. 34:515-520 (2001).

Richter WO. Applications of fatty acid derivatives and antioxidants in dietary lipids. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 103:42-45 (2001).

Rickert R, Steinhart H. Significance, analysis and occurrence of conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLA) in foods. Ernahrungs-Umschau 48:4-+ (2001).

Ritzenthaler KL, McGuire MK, Falen R, Shultz TD, Dasgupta N, McGuire MA. Estimation of conjugated linoleic acid intake by written dietary assessment methodologies underestimates actual intake evaluated by food duplicate methodology. J. Nutr. 131:1548-1554 (2001).

Roche HM, Terres AM, Black IB, Gibney MJ, Kelleher D. Fatty acids and epithelial permeability: effect of conjugated linoleic acid in Caco-2 cells. Gut 48:797-802 (2001).

Roche HM, Noone E, Nugent A, Gibney MJ. Conjugated linoleic acid: a novel therapeutic nutrient Nutr. Res. Rev. 14:173-187 (2001).

Ryder JW, Portocarrero CP, Song XM, Cui L, Yu M, Combatsiaris T, Galuska D, Bauman DE, Barbano DM, Charron MJ, Zierath JR, Houseknecht KL. Isomer-specific antidiabetic properties of conjugated linoleic acid - Improved glucose tolerance, skeletal muscle insulin action, and UCP-2 gene expression. Diabetes 50:1149-1157 (2001).

Samuelson G, Bratteby LE, Mohsen R, Vessby B. Dietary fat intake in healthy adolescents: inverse relationships between the estimated intake of saturated fatty acids and serum cholesterol. Br. J. Nutr. 85:333-341 (2001).

Sell JL, Jin S, Jeffrey M. Metabolizable energy value of conjugated linoleic acid for broiler chicks and laying hens. Poultry Sci. 80:209-214 (2001).

Sisk MB, Hausman DB, Martin RJ, Azain MJ. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid reduces adiposity in lean but not obese Zucker rats. J. Nutr. 131:1668-1674 (2001).

Strzetelski J, Kowalczyk J, Osiegowski S, Stasiniewicz T, Lipiarska E, Pustkowiak H. Fattening bulls on maize silage and concentrate supplemented with vegetable oils. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 10:259-271 (2001).

Suresh Y, Das UN. Protective action of arachidonic acid against alloxan induced cytotoxicity and diabetes mellitus. Prostag. Leukotr. Essential Fatty Acids 64:37-52 (2001).

Suzuki R, Noguchi R, Ota T, Abe M, Miyashita K, Kawada T. Cytotoxic effect of conjugated trienoic fatty acids on mouse tumor and human monocytic leukemia cells. Lipids 36:477-482 (2001).

Swan JE, Parrish FC, Wiegand BR, Larsen ST, Baas TJ, Berg EP. Total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) measurement of compositional differences in hams, loins, and bellies from conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-fed stress-genotype pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79:1475-1482 (2001).

Szymczyk B, Pisulewski P, Szczurek W, Hanczakowski P. Effects of conjugated linoleic acid on growth performance, feed conversion efficiency, and subsequent carcass quality in broiler chickens. Brit. J. Nutr. 85:465-473 (2001).

Turnock L, Cook M, Steinberg H, Czuprynski C. Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid does not alter the resistance of mice to Listeria monocytogenes infection. Lipids 36:135-138 (2001).

Watkins BA, Lippman HE, Le Bouteiller L, Li Y, Seifert MF. Bioactive fatty acids: role in bone biology and bone cell function. Prog. Lipid Res. 40(1-2):125-148 (2001).

Wettstein HR, Scheeder MRL, Sutter F, Kreuzer M. Effect of lecithins partly replacing rumen-protected fat on fatty acid digestion and composition of cow milk. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 103:12-22 (2001).

Whigham LD, Cook EB, Stahl JL, Saban R, Bjorling DE, Pariza MW, Cook ME. CLA reduces antigen-induced histamine and PGE(2) release from sensitized guinea pig tracheae. Am. J. Physiol. Reg. 280:R908-R912 (2001).

Zhang D, Liang X, He XY, Alipui OD, Yang SY, Schulz H. delta3,5,delta2,4-dienoyl-CoA isomerase is a multifunctional isomerase. A structural and mechanistic study. J. Biol. Chem. 276:13622-13627 (2001).

Adlof RO, Duval S, Emken EA. Biosynthesis of conjugated linoleic acid in humans. Lipids 35:131-135 (2000).

Azain MJ, Hausman DB, Sisk MB, Flatt WP, Jewell DE. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid reduces rat adipose tissue cell size rather than cell number. J. Nutr. 130:1548-1554 (2000).

Basu S, Smedman A, Vessby B. Conjugated linoleic acid induces lipid peroxidation in humans. FEBS Lett. 468(1):33-36 (2000).

Basu S, Riserus U, Turpeinen A, Vessby B. Conjugated linoleic acid induces lipid peroxidation in men with abdominal obesity. Clin. Sci. 99(6):511-516 (2000).

Bauman DE, Barbano DM, Dwyer DA, Griinari JM. Technical note: Production of butter with enhanced conjugated linoleic acid for use in biomedical studies with animal models. J. Dairy Sci. 83:2422-2425 (2000).

Bauman, DE, Griinari JM. Regulation and nutritional manipulation of milk fat. In Biology of the Mammary Gland. J. A. Mol and R. A. Clegg (eds.). New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Pp. 209-216 (2000).

Bauman DE, Griinari JA. Historical perspective and recent developments in identifying the cause of diet-induced milk fat depression. In: Proc. Cornell Nutr. Conf. Feed Manuf. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Nutrition Conference (62nd). Pp. 191-202 (2000).

Baumgard LH, Corl BA, Dwyer DA, Saebo A, Bauman DE. Identification of the conjugated linoleic acid isomer that inhibits milk fat synthesis. Am. J. Physiol. - Regulatory Integrative & Comparative Physiology 278:R179-R184 (2000).

Baumgard LH, Corl BA, Bauman DE. Effect of CLA isomers on fat synthesis during growth and lactation. In: Proc. Cornell Nutr. Conf. Feed Manuf. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Nutrition Conference (62nd). Pp. 180-190 (2000).

Bee G. Dietary conjugated linoleic acids alter adipose tissue and milk lipids of pregnant and lactating sows. J. Nutr. 130:2292-2298 (2000).

Bee G. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid consumption during pregnancy and lactation influences growth and tissue composition in weaned pigs. J. Nutr. 130:2981-2989 (2000).

Behr A, Fiene M, Naendrup F, Schurmann K. Transition-metal trifluoromethane-sulphonates - recyclable catalysts for the synthesis of branched fatty derivatives by Diels-Alder reactions at unsaturated fatty esters. European J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 102:342-350 (2000).

Berven G, Bye A, Hals O, Blankson H, Fagertun H, Thom E, Wadstein J, Gudmundsen O. Safety of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in overweight or obese human volunteers. European J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 102:455-462 (2000).

Bessa RJB, Santos-Silva J, Ribeiro JMR, Portugal AV. Reticulo-rumen biohydrogenation and the enrichment of ruminant edible products with linoleic acid conjugated isomers. Livestock Prod. Sci. 63:201-211 (2000).

Blankson H, Stakkestad JA, Fagertun H, Thom E, Wadstein J, Gudmundsen O. Conjugated linoleic acid reduces body fat mass in overweight and obese humans. J. Nutr. 130:2943-2948 (2000).

Buison A, Ordiz F, Pellizzon M, Jen KLC. Conjugated linoleic acid does not impair fat regain but alters IGF-1 levels in weigh-reduced rats. Nutr. Res. 20:1591-1601 (2000).

Cannella C, Giusti AM. Conjugated linoleic acid - A natural anticarcinogenic substance from animal food. Italian J. Food Sci. 12:123-127 (2000).

Casutt MM, Scheeder MRL, Ossowski DA, Sutter F, Sliwinski BJ, Danilo AA, Kreuzer M. Comparative evaluation of rumen-protected fat, coconut oil and various oilseeds supplemented to fattening bulls - 2. Effects on composition and oxidative stability of adipose tissues. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 53:25-44 (2000).

Chilliard Y, Ferlay A, Mansbridge RM, Doreau M. Ruminant milk fat plasticity: nutritional control of saturated, polyunsaturated, trans and conjugated fatty acids. Annal. Zootech. 49:181-205 (2000).

Choi YJ, Kim YC, Han YB, Park Y, Pariza MW, Ntambi JM. The trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid downregulates stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J. Nutr. 130:1920-1924 (2000).

Corl BA, Baumgard LH, Bauman DE. Role of delta-9-desaturase in the synthesis of the anticarcinogenic isomer of CLA and other milk fatty acids. In: Proc. Cornell Nutr. Conf. Feed Manuf. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Nutrition Conference (62nd). Pp. 203-212 (2000).

Cross RF, Ostrowska E, Muralitharan H, Dunshea FR. Mixed mode retention and the use of competing acid for the Ag+-HPLC analysis of underivatized conjugated linoleic acids. J. High Res. Chromatogr. 23:317-323 (2000).

DeLany JP, West DB. Changes in body composition with conjugated linoleic acid. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 19:487S-493S (2000).

Dhiman TR, Satter LD, Pariza MW, Galli MP, Albright K, Tolosa MX. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of milk from cows offered diets rich in linoleic and linolenic acid. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1016-1027 (2000).

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