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Successful Strategies to fight Obesity and Weight Gain
Read the full Article on Successful Strategies to fight Obesity and Weight Gain

Nutritional Therapy for Thyroid Health
and Hypothyroid Support

What is Hypothyroid?

      This article discusses clinical and sub-clinical hypothyroid conditions and applicable nutritional support measures.

      The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland, located in the neck, wrapped around the windpipe, and is located behind and below the Adam's Apple area. The thyroid produces several hormones, of which two are key: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones help oxygen get into cells, and regulate metabolism. The hypothalamus in the brain releases Thyrotropin-releasing Hormone (TRH) which tells the pituitary gland to release Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). The circulating TSH in your bloodstream is what tells the thyroid to make thyroid hormones and release them into your bloodstream. This feedback loop is affected by emotions, stress nutritional status and the state of health of the entire nervous and endocrine system.

      T3 is the most potent thyroid hormone and is required throughout the body for cell metabolism. T4 must be converted to T3 in order to interact in the cells metabolically. T3, however, has an extremely short life span so the thyroid produces significantly more T4 than it does T3. Most synthetic thyroid hormones are primarily if not exclusively T4 while natural thyroid hormones, derived from animal sources contain a balanced ratio of T3 and T4. If the patients body is unable to convert T4 to T3, the synthetic T4 will not be effective in treating the hypothyroid condition and the symptoms will still be present. If you are taking thyroid medication and still don't feel better, contact your physician and ask him to consider prescribing a natural thyroid product like Armour Thyroid, Nathroid or Westhyroid.

      Diminished thyroid activity, or hypothyroidism, decreases metabolic rate, makes it impossible to assimilate food properly, depresses the activity of other glands in the body and ultimately adversely affects every cell and tissue in the body.

      Some problems associated with thyroid imbalance or malfunction include weight problems, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, frequent illness, feeling cold all the time, heart and arterial disease, and feeling down or depressed.

      The causes of hypothyroidism include:

  • Exposure to radioactive fallout (which is likely to contain radioactive iodine)

  • Over consumption of isoflavone-intensive soy products, such as soy protein, soy powders

  • Some drugs, such as lithium and the heart drug cordarone,

  • A deficiency of iodine in the diet

  • Radiation treatment to the head, neck or chest.

  • Over consumption of uncooked "goitrogenic" foods, such as brussels sprouts, broccoli, rutabaga, turnips, kohlrabi, radishes, cauliflower, African cassava, millet, babassu fruit, cabbage and kale

  • Surgery

  • Radioactive iodine treatment

  • Chronic Stress

  • Exposure to Water pollutants including Fluoride

  • Smoking

      Some alternative physicians place a lot of emphasis on the adverse affects of chlorine, bromine and fluorine in the water supply, toothpaste and other sources on the thyroid gland. The rationale is that chlorine, bromine and fluorine are very near iodine on the periodic chart and can act like iodine from a chemical perspective. These elements, therefore, chemically replace iodine and interfere with iodine metabolism. As a preventive measure it makes sense to filter water to remove these chemicals and to avoid exposure from other sources. Fluorides are commonly added to toothpaste and drinking water and bromides are added to bread products and used to treat water in hot tubs and swimming pools.

      In addition to chemical and environmental factors, thyroid function can be depressed by imbalances in other endocrine glands. Increased insulin levels from sugar handling stress can depress thyroid function and increase cortisol levels. Increased cortisol levels caused by all forms of stress can depress thyroid function as well. Hypoadrenia or adrenal exhaustion often preceeds or occurs with a hypothyroid state. To correct hypothyroidism by addressing the cause, one must engage in an effective stress reduction strategy, correct sugar handling stress and provide adrenal support.

The Diagnosis of Hypothyroid

      The diagnosis of hypothyroid function has been a subject of difficulty and debate. The blood tests for T3, T4 and TSH have improved over the years and are useful diagnostic tools. In some cases, the blood tests may appear normal or near normal and the patient still has symptoms of hypothyroid function. Because of this, Dr. Broda Barnes (in the 1940's when blood test technology was less well developed) developed the basal temperature test as an alternative method of detecting hypothyroid function.

      The basal temperature test is a simple test that you can do yourself. Remember that the basal temperature test is a measurement, not a diagnosis. There are other factors that can alter the results of the basal temperature test. These include hypoadrenal function, illness (which can elevate temperature) and menstruation (which elevates temperature).

  • Shake the thermometer down and place it by your bed before you go to sleep at night.

  • Just before rising in the morning and before you have engaged in any bodily movement, place the thermometer in your mouth and lie still for five minutes. Then record your body temperature.

  • The normal body temperature recorded in the mouth is between 97.8 to 98.2 degrees F.

  • A temperature below 97.8 degrees F may indicate an underactive thyroid.

  • A temperature above 98.2 degrees F may indicate an overactive thryoid.

      Body temperature can be elevated by an inflamatory response as with a fever when an infection is present. Body temperature can also be elevated during the menstral cycle in women. The best time for a woman to do the temperature test is on the second or third day after the menstral cycle.

Support for Hypothyroid Conditions

      The best treatment for any disorder is to address the causes. The medical treatment is to prescribe a synthetic form of T4 and experiment with the dose until the blood TSH level is normal. One point of view is that the body is defective and the patient will have to compensate by taking T4 for the rest of their life. Another point of view is that T4 and possibly T3 or a natural thyroid product should be supplemented to get the TSH level down into the lower normal range. The intent is to give the thyroid gland a rest period. The doctor then gradually decreases the dosage of the thyroid medication to allow the thyroid gland to resume natural operation. Anecdotal evidence from doctors who apply this philosophy indicates that it works about half of the time.

      Another point of view is that thyroid disorders of most if not all types are often caused by iodine deficiency. This view is supported by a minority of medical doctors and alternative practitioners who apply orthoiodosupplementation as a primary therapy. They advocate using high doses of iodine to displace the fluorides and bromides in the body and restore iodine reserves. In clinical practice, this whole process is monitored by laboratory tests.

      For preventing thyroid disease and nutritional support for a suspected hypothyroid condition:

  • Eliminate as many of the risk factors listed above as possible. Bear in mind that while a large quantity of soy foods can depress the thyroid, soy supplements are beneficial for women in the prevention of osteoporosis and other post menopausal conditions. If you do everything in moderation, including using soy foods and supplements, the body can usually adjust. Also bear in mind that the so called "goitrogenic foods" like turnips, brassicas, etc. have many healthful benefits like cancer prevention, etc.

  • Engage in stress reduction.

  • Take nutritional supplements to support the thyroid gland.

  • The mineral Iodine is of crucial importance in the nutritional support of thyroid function. The role of iodine in nutrition is currently receiving renewed interest. Some physicians believe that the RDA of 150 mcg. of iodine is woefully inadequate. They supplement with doses in the 12.5 to 50 mg. range with positive results.

  • Vitamin E assists in the absorption of iodine.

  • The amino acid Taurine is an essential nutrient for the production of thyroid hormones. 200 to 1000 mg. per day is the recommended dosage.

  • forskolin is an extract of an Ayurvedic herb that resensitizes cell receptors by activating the enzyme adenylcyclase and increasing the levels of cyclic AMP in cells. Cyclic AMP is an important signal carrier that is necessary for the proper biological response of cells to hormones. It is required for cell communication in the hypothalamus/pituitary gland axis and for the feedback control of hormones. Cyclic AMP is essential to synthesize and regulate thyroid hormones, growth hormones, cortisol, DHEA, testosterone, melatonin, and other hormones. Recommended dosage: one to two capsules twice per day. It is possible that some individuals taking this herbal extract and prescription thyroid hormones may require less medication. Consult with your physician regularly. It would also be a good idea to monitor yourself with the basal temperature test.

  • ATP Cofactors ATP Cofactors is a combination of Vitamins B2 and B3. These two essential vitamins are combined into a sustained release formula that makes them available to the body for about 24 hrs. These vitamins are the precursors for FADH2 and NADH, the cofactors required to produce ATP, the high energy molecule which is the body’s metabolic fuel. These cofactors play an important role in the oxidation and transport of iodine to tissues (thyroid, muscle, ovary, breast, etc.). Recommended dosage: one to three capsules per day. Consult with your physician regularly. It would also be a good idea to monitor yourself with the basal temperature test.

      Read the Life Extension Foundation article on Thyroid Regulation

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