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Vitamin A References

      These references are associated with the article on Vitamin A .

Feskanich, D, et al. Vitamin A Intake and Hip Fractures Among Postmenopausal Women. JAMA, 2002;287:47-54.

Hussey, G.D., Klein, M. A randomized controlled trial of vitamin A in children with severe measles. NEJM, 1990, 323: 160-164.

Togari A, Kondo M, Arai M, Matsumoto S. Effects of retinoic acid on bone formation and resorption in cultured calvaria. Gen Pharmacol. 1991;22:287-292

Scheven BA, Hamilton NJ. Retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 stimulate osteoclast formation by different mechanisms. Bone. 1990;11:53-59.

Rohde CM, Manatt, Clagett-Dame M, DeLuca HF. Vitamin A antagonizes the action of vitamin D in rats. J Nutr. 1999;129:2246-2250

Frame B, Jackson CE, Reynolds WA, Umphrey JE. Hypercalcemia and skeletal effects in chronic hypervitaminosis A. Ann Intern Med. 1974;80:44-48

Okada N, Nomura M, Morimoto S, Ogihara T, Yoshikawa K. Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine in psoriatic patients with long-term etretinate therapy. J Dermatol. 1994;21:308-311.

Kindmark A, Rollman O, Mallmin H, Petren-Mallmin M, Ljunghall S, Melhus H. Oral isotetinoin therapy in severe acne induces transient suppression of biochemical markers of bone turnover and calcium homeostasis. Acta Derm Venereol. 1998;78:266-269

Johanson S, Melhus H. Vitamin A antagonizes calcium response to vitamin D in man. J Bone Miner Res 2001;10:1899-1905

10. Shils ME, Shike M, Olson JA, Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th Edition, 1994. p 323

Ballew C, Galuska D, Gillespie C. High serum retinyl esters are not associated with reduced bone mineral density in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. J Bone Miner Res 2001;12:2306-12

Binkley N, Krueger D. Hypervitaminosis A and bone. Nutr Rev 2000;58:138-44

Whiting SJ, Lemke B. Excess retinal intake may explain the high incidence of osteoporosis in northern Europe. Nutr Rev 1999;57:192-5

Melhus H, Michaelsson K, Kindmark A, et al. Excessive dietary intake of vitamin A is associated with reduced bone mineral density and increased risk for hip fracture. Ann Intern Med. 1998;129:770-778.

Acott TS, Weleber RG. Vitamin A megatherapy for retinal abnormalities. Nature Med. 1995; 1:884-885.

Barber T, Borrás E, Torres L, et al. Vitamin A deficiency causes oxidative damage to liver mitochondria in rats. Free Rad Biol Med. 2000; 29:1-7.

Barreto ML, Santos LMP, Assis AMO, et al. Effect of vitamin A supplementation on diarrhoea and acute lower-respiratory-tract infections in young children in Brazil. Lancet. 1994; 344:228-231.

Bates CJ. Vitamin A. Lancet. 1995; 345:31-35.

Benn CS, Aaby P, Balé C, et al. Randomized trial of effect of vitamin A supplementation on antibody response to measles vaccine in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. Lancet. 1997; 350:101-105.

Collins MD, Mao GE. Teratology of retinoids. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 1999; 39:399-430.

Chiang M-Y, Misner D, Kempermann G, et al. An essential role for retinoid receptors RARbeta and RXRgamma in long-term potentiation and depression. Neuron. 1998; 21:1353-1361.

Futoryan T, Gilchrest BA. Retinoids and the skin. Nutr Rev. 1994; 52:299-310.

Gilchrest B. Anti-sunshine vitamin A. Nature Med. 1999; 5:376-377.

Hadi H, Stoltzfus RJ, Dibley MJ, et al. Vitamin A supplementation selectively improves the linear growth of Indonesian preschool children: results from a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71:507-513.

Humphrey JH, Rice AL. Vitamin A supplementation of young infants. Lancet. 2000; 356:422-424.

Jacobson SG, Cideciyan AV, Regunath G, et al. Night blindness in Sorsby's fundus dystrophy reversed by vitamin A. Nature Gen. 1995; 11:27-32.

Kowalski TE, Falestiny M, Furth E, Malet PF. Vitamin A hepatotoxicity: a cautionary note regarding 25,000 IU supplements. Am J Med. 1994; 97:523-528.

Lee M-O, Han S-Y, Jiang S, et al. Differential effects of retinoic acid on growth and apoptosis in human colon cancer cell lines associated with the induction of retinoic acid receptor beta. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000; 59:485-496.

Ross AC. Vitamin A and retinoids. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins; 1999:305-327.

Ross AC, Stephensen CB. Vitamin A and retinoids in antiviral responses. FASEB J. 1996; 10:979-985.

Rothman KJ, Moore LL, Singer MR, et al. Teratogenicity of high vitamin A intake. N Engl J Med. 1995; 333:1369-1373.

Russell RM. The vitamin A spectrum: from deficiency to toxicity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71:878-884.

Sohlenius-Sternbeck A-K, Appelkvist E-L, De Pierre JW. Effects of vitamin A deficiency on selected xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes and defenses against oxidative stress in mouse liver. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000; 59:377-383.

Underwood BA, Arthur P. The contribution of vitamin A to public health. FASEB J. 1996; 10:1040-1048.

Van Hooser JP, Aleman TS, He Y-G, et al. Rapid restoration of visual pigment and function with oral retinoid in a mouse model of childhood blindness. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2000; 97:8623-8628.

Varani J, Warner RL, Gharaee-Kermani M, et al. Vitamin A antagonizes decreased cell growth and elevated collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinases and stimulates collagen accumulation in naturally aged human skin. J Invest Dermatol. 2000; 114:480-486.

Wang Z, Boudjelal M, Kang S, et al. Ultraviolet irradiation of human skin causes functional vitamin A deficiency, preventable by all-trans retinoic acid pre-treatment. Nature Med. 1999; 5:418-422.

West KP Jr, Pokhrel RP, Katz J, et al. Efficacy of vitamin A in reducing preschool child mortality in Nepal. Lancet. 1991; 338:67-71.

Wolf G. A regulatory pathway of thermogenesis in brown fat through retinoic acid. Nutr Rev. 1995; 53:230-231.

Wolf G. A history of vitamin A and retinoids. FASEB J. 1996; 10:1102-1107.

Wolf G. Vitamin A functions in the regulation of the dopaminergic system in the brain and pituitary gland. Nutr Rev. 1998; 56:354-358.







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